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Cultural and social factors influencing BPD features in India

social factors that exacerbate features of borderline personality disorder in young adult women between 25 and 35 years of age living in the commonwealth of puerto rico february 2019 erika m. carrasquillo, b.s.n., san juan university college m.s.n., university of turabo ph.d., university of massachusetts amhers Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is an internationally recognized disorder, although it is slightly varied in its nosology in the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5), and the Chinese Cla

determinants of entr epreneurship. This paper concentrates on. socio cultural factors influencing Indian entrepreneurship. From earlie r studies i n India a nd elsewhere i t is ide ntified. that. Both social and genetic factors play a role in the development of Borderline Personality Disorder. Using hi-tech imaging devices provides researchers with an intimate look inside the brain. Studies suggest that about 60% of the risk for developing BPD is due to physical abnormalities in the structure of the brain This research focuses on identifying the cultural, social and economic factors that have influenced significant changes in fashion trends in India in the last 20 years. Research Aim and Objectives Main aim of the research is to identify and analyse the cultural, social, and economic influences of changing fashion trends in India in the last 20.

This is part 4 of an exploration into why some countries are poorer than others. DiscriminationSometimes there are social or cultural factors that hold back poor countries. Discrimination is one of these. If there are certain people groups that are discriminated against, the country's overall productivity can suffer. This may be a tribe, a caste business environment is a socio-cultural environment. A socio-cultural environment is a combination of social and cultural factors. Due to the strong interaction that exists between them, it is very difficult to assess their separate influence on the business operation of multinational companies. The socio-cultural factors are one o India's population is 17 percent of the global population. Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populated state of India and Sikkim is the least populated state. There are several factors affecting the distribution of the population and it is important to read about them for the Geography subject of IAS Exam preparation Social and cultural factors affecting business include belief systems and practices, customs, traditions and behaviours of all people in given country, fashion trends and market activities influencing actions and decisions. Socio-cultural perspective is one of the most important factor influencing decision of marketing managers and strategic goals of companies entering new foreign markets

To better understand what happens inside the clinical setting, this chapter looks outside. It reveals the diverse effects of culture and society on mental health, mental illness, and mental health services. This understanding is key to developing mental health services that are more responsive to the cultural and social contexts of racial and ethnic minorities The book goes on to describe social factors influencing the most clinically important PDs. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is marked by severe dysregulation of emotions, a wide range of impulsive behaviors, and dysfunctional intimate relationships. Since BPD patients are often suicidal, most research has focused on this category There isn't a single cause of BPD, nor is anyone destined to develop the disorder. That said, environmental factors, genes, and brain activity can play a role in your risk. Learn more about the. Involving a crucial set of factors, culture plays several roles in the diagnostic process 29. Cultural factors may have a powerful pathogenic impact as triggers of psychopathology (e.g., the role of violence in television shows in the development of violent behavior among probably predisposed children or adolescents 30). They can also.

Social Factors that Exacerbate Features of Borderline

The Factors of Social Change: Several factors operate together in bringing about social change and we have already noted that these include the physical or environmental, the biological, the cultural and the technological factors as also the psychological one. It may be worth-while considering the importance of each of these factors and. principles of one‟s life. They influence one‟s principles and philosophies of life. They influence one‟s way of living and thus impact social life. The importance of culture lies in the fact that it is a link between people and their value systems. The values and traditions of one society might vary with those of another society 18. Laws of the Government and social traditions and laws laid down by religion. Though there are many other factors which may be included in culture and its affects on the society but as our objective is to understand the influence of culture on consumer behaviour we define culture as the sum total of learned beliefs, values and customs that serve to direct the consumer behaviour of. Social determinants of health are the conditions that we live, learn, work, and play in. These conditions can influence the health and well-being of you and your community. They can include things like your education level, your exposure to violence, the way your community is designed, and if you have access to health care

Here we deal with many of the basic elements affecting human behavior: cultural institutions, religious beliefs, economic arrangements, family organization, sexual practices. All these and more are involved in the determination of attitudes and practices related to human fertility and in any effort to change such attitudes and practices Definition: The Social Factors are the factors that are prevalent in the society where a consumer live in. The society is composed of several individuals that have different preferences and behaviors.These varied behaviors influence the personal preferences of the other set of individuals as they tend to perform those activities which are acceptable to the society

ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the four main factors of geography that have influence on society and culture. The factors are: 1. Motions of the Earth 2. Distribution of Land Mass and Water Mass 3. Climate 4. Natural Resources. Factor # 1. Motions of the Earth: Our behaviour-patterns, daily work-schedules as well as festivals and [ Factors and forces influencing on curriculum development Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website The development of this disorder is complex, and there are likely a variety of borderline personality disorder causes, and you should rest assured that no one person or thing is at fault. Most experts believe that BPD develops as a result of biological, genetic, and environmental factors It is clearly to see how economic factors affect on food habits and culture in our daily life. To sum up, I hold the view that geographical factors, religions factors,social factors and economic factors are the most important factor influence our food habits and culture. Hughes, L. (2011) Meanwhile, there are various other factors influencing the purchases of *Pinki Rani, Assistant, LIC, Kurukshetra. Consumer such as social, cultural, personal and psychological. The explanation of these factors is given below. Consumers buyer behaviour is influenced by four major factors: 1) Cultural, 2) Social, 3) Personal, 4) Psychological

Factors influencing the willingness and enthusiasm of communities for a recommended vaccine can be expected to affect the success of a vaccine intervention programme. The interests and findings of this study are likely to inform such efforts to clarify social and cultural features of vaccine acceptance and demand Borderline personality disorder is a complex condition that emerges from a complicated web of causation. Genetic factors and negative environmental influences from childhood are the primary causes of BPD, and it is highly unlikely that a person will develop borderline personality disorder if one or the other of these factors is lacking.Borderline personality disorder is a brain disease. beliefs if norms becomes internalized. Cultural and social norms also vary widely; so, behaviour ac-ceptable to one social group, gang or culture may not be tolerated in another. Different cultural and social norms support dif-ferent types of violence, as illustrated in Box 1. For instance, traditional beliefs that men have a righ

Social & cultural environment ppt. 1. Presentation OnSocial & Cultural Environment Presented By Gaurav Patel Taxila Business School, Jaipur MBA+PGDBM (07877549750) 2. Social Environment Social environment of business means all factors which affectsbusiness socially . Every business works in a society , so societies different factors. In East Asia, the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been met with skepticism by the Chinese psychiatric community. The community contended that some of BPD's diagnostic criteria, such as fear of abandonment, are not appropriate in the Chinese cultural context, which values collectivistic identities and enmeshed relationships [14, 15] As a nation India faces a number of challenges in trying to meet population needs for quality healthcare. For instance, in primary health clinics and state-run community hospitals the length of an average consultation is just a few minutes, which makes it hard to take account of underlying socio-economic and psycho-social factors India is home to over a billion people, accommodating incredible cultural diversity between languages, geographic regions, religious traditions and social stratifications. In recognition of this large demographic diversity, the following descriptions are not intended to represent every Indian person

Cross-cultural bias in the diagnosis of borderline

characteristics, psychological factors as well as social and cultural factors influence the buying process of consumers. Culture, subculture and social class are known to have profound influences on people behaviour because they are powerful drivers in the formation of attitudes, beliefs and values (Blythe, 2008) Social factors play an essential role in influencing the buying decisions of consumers. Human beings are social animals. We need people around to talk to and discuss various issues to reach to better solutions and ideas. We all live in a society and it is really important for individuals to adhere to the laws and regulations of society There many factors that influence your diet. In this article, we are going to focus on the impact social and cultural factors have on healthy eating. To fully understand the concept, let's look at the basic nature of the human social environment. According to social scientists Elizabeth Barnett, Ph.D. and Michele Casper, Ph.D. factors are imbedded in the cultural and social structures within communities. Family and peer behaviour and standards are for most youth the greatest sources of influence. The objectives of the study were as follows: o To explore the extent to which poor family relationships influence adolescent drug abus

Culture and social factors can play a major role in the popularity of a product. Industry groups spend a lot of money trying to influence popular opinion because they know how influential culture can be on industry sales. In addition to culture, there may also be social factors, such as family or church roles, at play in a product's success. Social Factors of PESTLE Affecting Businesses. Social factors represent the beliefs, customs, demographics, attitudes of peoples from a certain society. Each society has its distinct characteristics which are followed by people living in the community. And as a business is operated by and for people, it always gets affected by those social factors From the above definitions of culture, the features of culture may be summarized below. They are: (1) Culture is social, but not individual. (2) Culture is idealistic. (3) Culture is communicative. (4) Culture is an acquired quality. (5) Culture meets the recurring demand of mankind. (6) Culture has the characteristics of adaptation The impact of culture on business is hard to overstate: 82 percent of the respondents to our 2016 Global Human Capital Trends survey believe that culture is a potential competitive advantage. Today, new tools can help leaders measure and manage culture toward alignment with business goals Key Difference - Social vs Cultural Factors Although both Social and Cultural factors are deeply related, there is a clear difference between the two sets. When paying attention to various social phenomena, one cannot ignore the influence of social and cultural factors that shape, change, and develop the phenomenon

(PDF) A Study On Socio Cultural Factors Influencing Indian

Cultural factors comprise of set of values and ideologies of a particular community or group of individuals. It is the culture of an individual which decides the way he/she behaves. In simpler words, culture is nothing but values of an individual. What an individual learns from his parents and relatives as a child becomes his culture The meaning of shapes, colours and iconic features can also have different cultural significance. These cultural differences must be taken into account to determine whether products are suitable for a market or whether they can be adapted for greater business success. For example, Fanta soda is orange flavoured for the North American market Culture is one of many factors influencing human behavior; it is a determinant of socially accepted behavior, value systems, beliefs, and practical knowledge. Various social, cultural, and.

What Causes Borderline Personality Disorder -BPD Video

Language and Cultural Context. Culture isn't solely determined by a person's native language or nationality. It's true that languages vary by country and region and that the language we speak influences our realities, but even people who speak the same language experience cultural differences because of their various intersecting cultural identities and personal experiences Cultural differences in social anxiety are known to exist. Research tells us that how social anxiety disorder (SAD) presents itself can vary depending on where you live and the culture in which you are raised. This makes sense because different cultures have different social rules and expectations Studies show that people with borderline personality disorder can have structural and functional changes in the brain especially in the areas that control impulses and emotional regulation. But is it not clear whether these changes are risk factors for the disorder, or caused by the disorder. Environmental, Cultural, and Social Factors

Hence cultural changes involve social change. Cultural factors such as values, attitudes, ideologies, ideas of greatmen etc. play a vital role in influencing social change. W. F. Ogburn's concept of cultural lag explains the role of culture in social change. Values play a major role in acceptance or rejection of any social change History of Europe - History of Europe - Political and cultural influences on the economy: The centralized state of the early modern age exerted a decisive influence on the development of financial institutions and in other economic sectors as well. To maintain its power both within its borders and within the international system, the state supported a large royal or princely court, a.

How The Internet and Social Media Are Changing Culture. Frank Furedi. internet mass communication media social media. It is no doubt that the Internet and the social media are powerful instruments for mobilization of people. However, it is not its own technological imperative that allows the social media to play a prominent role in social protest Cultural Factors Write about concept of cultural tag by w.f Ougbourn book - social change brings change. He says material & non - material change. Usually non-material can't cope up with material changed & gives rise to cultural lag. Change in values ideas & custom's changes society (Habits)

Social factors affecting education. The school curriculum may be thought of as a map or chart of organized knowledge and experience, through whose systematic study the student is expected to learn and to apply that learning in life situation. There are some accusations about the lack of connection between the school environment and the real. CULTURAL FACTORS Culture encompasses the set of beliefs, moral values, traditions, language, and laws (or rules of behavior) held in common by a nation, a community, or other defined group of people. Culturally determined characteristics include: the language spoken at home; religious observances; customs (including marriage customs that often accompany religious and other beliefs); acceptable. Cultural Factors Influencing Consumer Behavior Definition: The Cultural Factors are the factors that an individual learns at a very early stage of life due to socialization within the family and other key institutions, such as the set of values, preferences, behavior patterns, and perceptions are learned as the individual grows The social and cultural factors correlated with suicide have been considered at four different levels: individual, geographic, societal, and historical influences. The first, the individual, focuses on the influence of specific events in someone's life and their affiliation with and participation in social groups

Cultural, Social And Economic Influences Of Changing

Class, color, and ethnicity are factors in the national identity. Jamaican Creole, or Jamaica Talk, is a multiethnic, multiclass indigenous creation and serves as a symbol of defiance of European cultural authority. , have left evidence of material and ideational cultural influence. Jews came as indentured servants to help establish the. Yet, despite these vulnerabilities, they develop fewer cases of the disorder. One hypothesis is that genetic vulnerabilities have co-evolved with culture, creating extra protective factors (in. Consumer behaviour is the study of individuals, groups, or organizations and all the activities associated with the purchase, use and disposal of goods and services, and how the consumer's emotions, attitudes and preferences affect buying behaviour. Consumer behaviour emerged in the 1940-50s as a distinct sub-discipline of marketing, but has become an interdisciplinary social science that. Social Factors. Social determinants of health reflect the social factors and physical conditions of the environment in which people are born, live, learn, play, work, and age. Also known as social and physical determinants of health, they impact a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes Aghdaie, S.F., Piraman, A., Fathi, S., 2011. An Analysis of Factors Affecting the Consumer's Attitude of Trust and their Impact on Internet Purchasing Behaviour. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 147-158

Cultural and social factors that affect development - The

Global poverty is influenced by many different factors, including war, natural disasters and disease. On a micro level, some elements to a social profile will lead to poverty of individuals. None of these characteristics in isolation may force someone into poverty. Taken together, they form a set of risk factors that exponentially increases an. The contribution of the travel and tourism industry to the global GDP was 10.4% in 2018 and 10.3% or $8.9 trillion in 2019. Around 319 million people were working in this industry and the number grew to 330 million in 2019. The tourism sector is affected by several global and local trends as well as economic, political and other factors Other factors that contribute to cultural globalization include various means of communication, such as social media, especially Western celebrities who reach an audience of millions around the. Cultural globalization refers to the transmission of ideas, meanings and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations. This process is marked by the common consumption of cultures that have been diffused by the Internet, popular culture media, and international travel.This has added to processes of commodity exchange and colonization which have a longer. India - India - Demographic trends: India's population is young. Its birth and death rates are both near the global average. More than half the population is under age 30 and less than one-fourth is age 45 or older. Life expectancy is about 68 for men and 70 for women. A population explosion in India commenced following the great influenza epidemic of 1918-19

Introduction: Engrained in potential clients' behaviour, cultural and social factors are of paramount importance to the international companies aiming to expand their business globally, as. Social: Areas with better housing, health facilities and education are more populated. Cultural: Places with cultural or religious import attract people e.g. Varanasi. Economic: Industrial areas offer employment opportunities. A large number of people make their way into these areas. Examples: Mumbai in India and Osaka in Japan Factors affecting Distribution of Population economic factors include cultural characteristics, types of economic activities, technology used (including the type of farming), and social organization. Demographic factors include changes resulting from natural increase and migration. Factors such as political boundaries, political stability. While India shows promise and is progressing into a more open-economy with a large well-educated and committed workforce there are many factors that hold India back and create challenges when doing business in India. Corrupt officials, a poor infrastructure and limiting regulations can all impede business prosperity Factors that contributed to undetected spread of the Ebola virus and impeded rapid containment. One year into the Ebola epidemic. January 2015. Several factors, including some that are unique to West Africa, helped the virus stay hidden and elude containment measures. CHAPTER 3 - In Guinea, it took nearly three months for health officials and.

Social organization. In a Social organization, it made for fun and some small work. it may be in the form of the group in the office. Circle of friends. The social groups are the most influencing power. Cause we get a habit from our group. That also influences the Socio-Cultural Environment Social. The cultures or societies that people live in, along with the type of contact that individuals have with one another (social factors), influence food choices. The importance of beliefs, traditions and taboos was discussed earlier in this chapter and we have observed that the media, as part of everyday life, influence us to make certain. How Cultural Factors Affect Leadership. No topic, probably, has been quite as exhaustively examined, studied, dissected, and discussed as leadership. But much of the focus has been on how American. Article shared by. Socio-cultural environment is a collection of social factors affecting a business and includes social traditions, values and beliefs, level of literacy and education, the ethical standards and state of society, the extent of social stratification, conflict and cohesiveness, and so forth

The parents of adolescents have the main responsibility of teaching children ethics. Scholars of adolescent behavior and authors of Family and Peer Influences on Adolescent Behavior and Risk-Taking, Nancy Gonzales and Kenneth Dodge, note that while much of adolescent development happens outside the home, the culture of the family instills upon children their developmental roots Traditionally Nepalese society favors high fertility. Children are a symbol of well-being both socially and economically. Although fertility has been decreasing in Nepal since 1981, it is still high compared to many other developing countries. This paper is an attempt to examine the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural factors for fertility differentials in Nepal

Events such as the 1918 influenza pandemic and the resurgence of measles in the US and Western Europe can help researchers understand how culture influences the current spread of COVID-19 worldwide Social exclusion is a complex concept that is defined and discussed in different ways. There are also multiple forms of exclusion including political, economic, social and cultural (Bhalla and Lapeyre 1997, GSDRC 2014, Stewart and Langer 2007). The literature presents man Cultural diversity, or sometimes referred to as multiculturalism, is a quality of diverse and many different cultures. Cultural Diversity a system that recognizes and respects the existence and presence of diverse groups of people within a society. The system values their socio-cultural differences and encourages each individual to celebrate it. The changing culture of architecture in modern India, both as a lifestyle and as a profession, has been eye-opening.In terms of lifestyle, we never predicted the extent to which architecture and design could affect us as well as the society and culture we live in, nor did we predict how deeply symbolic of our beliefs and attitudes they'd become Most major cities in the world are made up of diverse societies, consisting of a wide range of individuals from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Ethnicity refers to a social group, which shares certain distinctive features, such as language, culture, physical appearance, religion, values and customs

work therefore is to examine those socio-cultural factors in Nigeria that affects social studies teaching and learning. Family/ community background of the child was looked at, cultural, language and religious differences in Nigeria's heterogeneous society are also such factors that hinder social studies teaching and learning Physical factors that affect population density include water supply, climate, relief (shape of the land), vegetation, soils and availability of natural resources and energy. Human factors that affect population density include social, political and economic factors. Mountainous areas make it difficult to construct buildings and roads similarities in the interaction of culture and environment, in any environment. The major objective of this paper will be an elucidation of a few of the more important factors in these two problems. Our data will be derived from cultural and natural features in a Middlewestern region of temperate climate and fertile resources

  1. The Coffee Shop: Social and Physical factors Influencing Place Attachment aBstract This study explored the characteristics that encourage gathering behavior and contribute to place attachment in selected coffee shops in the context of literature suggesting social gathering places contribute to social capital
  2. Gender Factors. Gender plays an important, though at times, unclear role in mental illness. It is important to understand that gender is not the cause of mental illness, though differing demands placed on males and females by society and their culture can influence the development and course of a disorder. Consider the following
  3. What Is It?Borderline personality disorder is characterized by poor self-image, a feeling of emptiness, and great difficulty coping with being alone. People with this disorder have highly reactive and intense moods, and unstable relationships. Their behavior can be impulsive. They are also more likely than average to attempt or.
  4. There actually are many internal and external factors that influence how fast children pick up a new language—from the child's personality to the way language is taught at their school. To learn more about the unique learning environment at Whitby, schedule a tour or download our guide to the difference between an N8 and K12 education
  5. Evaluation of factors that influence food habits and culture Aya Harada San Francisco State University Abstract There are many reasons to why people eat what they choose to eat every day. These eating habits are formed naturally, allowing food to become a key element to separate one person from another
  6. 3) Social factors. Social factors include the cultural aspects and include awareness, population growth rate, age distribution, career attitudes and emphasis on safety. Trends in social factors affect the demand for a company's products and how that company operates
  7. Factor Influencing Perception. Factors that Influence Perception. Frequently Used Shortcuts in judging others: Perceiving and interpreting what others do is burdensome. As a result, individuals develop techniques for making the task more manageable. These techniques are not fool proof. Several factors lead us to form inaccurate impressions of.

Factors Affecting Distribution of Population in India

  1. These factors include cultural and social influences, legal issues, demographics, and political conditions, as well as changes in the natural environment and technology. Some major organizations involved in this level of international marketing are the UNO, World Bank, and the WTO
  2. Social Factors Affecting Business Environment and Strategy. When you talk about the social aspects, you focus on the societal forces. So, these could be family, friends, neighbours, colleagues and even the media. All of these factors are able to affect our attitudes, our opinions and our interests, thereby directly impacting product sales and.
  3. Awareness of how human factors can influence design and implementation of development programs is fairly new. A 'first strand' of behavioral economics, which emerged based on the work of psychologists in the 1970s, found that people in fact make systematic, biased judgments
  4. just one way to positively impact critical social issues, but preventing or breaking the cycle of poverty makes a tremendous impact on our nation (Furstenberg, 2008). This raises questions about the relationship between factors like ethnicity and race, cultural and social variables and teenage pregnancy
  5. q Disparity in educational opportunities is the result of factors such as geographical, socio-economic, customs and local traditions, lack of separate schools for girls, lack of qualified female teachers, poverty, socio-cultural bias against female education, and lack of interest by parents in educating their daughters, school distance from.
  6. The social cultural impact of tourism refers to the positive and negative effect or impact of tourism on the cultural heritage, traditions, customs, and social life style of host communities. This paper will look at the positive and negative socio-cultural impacts of tourism on host communities and tourists, as well as the different factors.
  7. Many factors affect the food habits and these may include culture, geographical location, the health and lifestyle of an individual, their religion, social, and economic factors among other things (Bellisle, 2012, p.1). Geographical Factors. As a geographical factor, climate significantly affects our eating habits

Social and cultural factors affecting business - CEOpedia

  1. A myriad of factors have been posited, from biological, to medical risk factors, such as diabetes and lung disease, to social risk factors, such as low socioeconomic status, crowded housing, and necessary use of public transportation. 3,9 As states and localities vary in whether and how frequently they report COVID-19 data by race/ethnicity and.
  2. It is increasingly being recognized that health outcomes are a result not only of biological and individual risk factors but also of other factors like wealth, ethnic background, gender, education and so on. Inequalities in people's access to information, decision making and life opportunities contribute to their ill health and levels of well-being. Political choices and social organization.
  3. Cultural Factors. In some cultures and religions, people are respected more if they have many children resulting in an increased birth rate. For example, in some cultures having many children is seen as a sign of virility in men. Conversely, some cultures and religions discourage large families though this is rare

Chapter 2 Culture Counts: The Influence of Culture and

  1. How do culture and other factors affect the social organization of a community? There are many definitions of culture. Culture typically refers to a set of symbols, rituals, values, and beliefs that make one group different from another. Culture is learned and shared with people who live or lived in the same social environment for a long time
  2. ant of a person's wants
  3. 3. Providing social support. Pfeffer's research shows that social support—family and friends you can count on, as well as close relationships—can have a direct effect on health and buffers the effects of various psycho-social stresses, including workplace stress, that can compromise health
  4. Political factors influence economic development by positively or negatively influencing the process of development. Some important political factors include: Regime type , which is the form of.
  5. ed by several historical and socio-economic- ethnic factors which are referred to as its deter
  6. Main factors influencing entrepreneurial culture in Kenya. Entrepreneurial culture in Kenya: Before embarking on any entrepreneurial journey, each inspiring business owner should be ready to deal with any of these factors which influence entrepreneurship in the country: 1.) Availability of finance or funds. Capital is always the major challenge.
  7. g. Climatic factors such as light, water, and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect far

Social Factors in the Personality disorders: Finding a

  1. Social factors. Social factors can be other factors that influence the migration. Social and political factors like marital status, political violence, facilities, and relatives are dealt here. Marital status: Due to marriage, women migrate to husband's home place. Similarly, young unmarried women also migrate for the sake of job as they are.
  2. Culture is found to affect economic performance through two channels; cultural traits that stimulate individual motivation, and traits that develop social capital in the population. The analysis controls for factors commonly recognized in the economic growth literature
  3. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Causes and Risk
  4. Culture, cultural factors and psychiatric diagnosis